Rakata Infinity Empire
(49,000 – 25,200 BBY)
The Infinite Empire was the first known government in the galaxy founded by the Rakata, a scientifically advanced species that used their knowledge to conquer and enslave other species throughout the known Galaxy. The empire expanded over a period of twenty thousand years and at its height, it consisted of 500 subject worlds with a population of ten billion Rakata and one trillion slaves. It produced technological innovations such as terraforming machinery, semi-sentient star maps and computers, and the transmogrifying Star Forge (built in 30,000 BBY). Among its many crimes were those of aggressive war, slavery on a massive scale, and the casual obliteration of member worlds such as Tatooine. The Infinite Empire collapsed due to a civil war and a virulent plague that affected only the Rakata in 25,200 BBY.
Due to the limitations of the Rakatan hyperdrive technology, the Infinite Empire consisted of only 500 worlds, but they were scattered far and wide over the entire length of the known galaxy.
(25,000 – 19 BBY)
The Galactic Republic was the name of the galactic government prior to the establishment of the Galactic Empire in 19 BBY. Although it was commonly known as the Old Republic, this was not so until the establishment of the Empire; its name when it existed was the Galactic Republic, or simply the Republic.
In its latest years, it was said to be a benevolent—though ineffectual—democratic government tied up in layers of bureaucracy.
The Republic, as it was commonly known, had a highly democratic government that was able to sustain itself for over twenty-five thousand years. It is said that its complete history would "fill a thousand libraries".
The Galactic Republic was composed of a significant portion of the known Galaxy, stretching from the Core Worlds to Wild Space, though it was widely believed that the government held little power in the outlying regions, and preferred to focus its attentions on the Core Worlds.
The capital of the Galactic Republic was Coruscant, a planet considered to be the cultural and economical center of the Galaxy, despite being located outside of the Deep Core. To signify its importance in galactic affairs, Coruscant was given coordinates 0-0-0 in the standard galactic coordinate system.
(19 BBY – now)
The Galactic Empire, also known as the New Order or Palpatine's New Order, was the galactic government established by Supreme Chancellor Palpatine to replace the Galactic Republic.
The Republic, which had lasted for almost 25,000 years, ended following a period of intense political turmoil and the devastation of the Clone Wars. After General Grievous was defeated at the Battle of Utapau, and while the leaders of the Confederacy of Independent Systems were being killed on Mustafar by Darth Vader, Supreme Chancellor Palpatine declared himself Emperor of the Galaxy and reorganized the Galactic Republic into the first Galactic Empire.
The Galactic Empire's territory consisted of over one million member worlds and fifty million colonies, protectorates, and governorships throughout the Galaxy stretching from the borders of the Deep Core to Wild Space at its peak.
The original name of the Empire's capital world was Coruscant; however, it was renamed Imperial Center by the Empire. Few outside the Empire's government used this name, and upon the capture of the planet by the New Republic, the name "Coruscant" was readopted.
(1 BBY – 4 ABY)
The Rebel Alliance was founded during the reign of Emperor Palpatine by Senator Bel Iblis but left after a power struggle between him and senator Mon Mothma. The rebel Alliance made their first victory in 0 BBY, when they destroyed the first Death Star near Yavin IV.
After the destruction of the second Death Star and the deaths of both Emperor Palpatine and Darth Vader near Endor, the Rebel Alliance transformed from a loose rebel resistance into a new Galactic government, the New Republic.
(5 ABY – 28 ABY)
The New Galactic Republic was the name of the galactic government established by the Alliance to Restore the Republic to replace the Galactic Empire after the Battle of Endor.
Formed in 5 ABY, after the dissolution of the former Alliance of Free Planets (which was formed directly after the Battle of Endor as an intermediate government), it was to become the supreme governmental authority of the Galaxy. The "New" Republic was supposed to be a sort of continuation of the original Galactic Republic that had become known as the Old Republic at that time.
The New Republic was founded on the same premise that the old Galactic Republic was a thousand generations earlier—to have a representative parliamentary body govern the Galaxy in a fair and equal manner—and it was designed to eradicate the shortcomings that brought about the Galactic Republic's downfall. The New Republic was protected by the New Jedi Order that was established by Luke Skywalker, just as the Galactic Republic was once protected by the old Jedi Order.
New Republic's territory varied in size a great deal during the course of its history. In 8 ABY over 600,000 worlds were members, and by 9 ABY three-quarters of the known Galaxy, including all of the Core Worlds except the Corellian Sector were under the control of the New Republic. Yet, subsequent wars against Thrawn and the reborn Emperor reduced the size of the Republic drastically. By 15 ABY the New Republic only consisted of eleven thousand planets throughout the Galaxy, due to many former New Republic worlds choosing neutrality until the war with the Empire reached an end. By 19 ABY, most of the Galaxy had once against allied with the New Republic, in light of the fact that the war against the Imperial Remnant was approaching the end.
The Borderland Regions separated the territories of the New Republic and the Imperial Remnant during the latter part of the Galactic Civil War. Presumably, this was continued even after the Galactic Civil War.
Coruscant was the capital world of the New Republic, as it was for the Galactic Empire and the Galactic Republic before it. Its membership included worlds from all regions of the Galaxy, stretching from the borders of the Deep Core to Wild Space.
(28 ABY – now) – 26 –
The Galactic Federation of Free Alliances, better known as the Galactic Alliance, was the galactic government directly following the New Republic. Incorporating most of the known Galaxy, the Galactic Alliance was the first government to achieve this since the Galactic Republic.
The Galactic Alliance was composed of a significant portion of the known Galaxy, stretching from the Core Worlds to Wild Space. Its membership was greater than that of the New Republic, due to the fact that other governments like the Imperial Remnant and Hapes Consortium were members as well. The capital of the Galactic Alliance was Coruscant, keeping in tradition with the previous galactic governments. The Galactic Alliance was also bordered by two smaller galactic powers, the Chiss Ascendancy and Hutt Space. It is not clear if Hutt space was a nominal member of the Galactic Alliance, as it was under the Empire. The status of the other minor governments, such as the Corporate Sector, Cron Drift, Senex Sector, Juvex Sector, Centrality, and so on, is also unclear, although it is known that the Mandalore Sector didn't joined the Galactic Alliance as of 40 ABY.
(15 BBY – now)
A Bakuran was a Human from the planet Bakura. Most Bakurans were descended from the Bakur Mining Corporation's colonists, who arrived on Bakura in 15 BBY. Soon afterwards, the Bakurans became independent of corporate control, setting up a Bakuran Senate and electing Prime Ministers. The descendants of Arden, the leader of the Bakur Mining Corporation's expedition, were the heads of the Bakuran government.
Bakura was independent of the Galactic Republic for decades. They were used as a base during the Clone Wars by the Confederacy of Independent Systems, but only for a short period of time. They remained neutral during this conflict, more concerned with internal disputes. By 1 ABY, these disputes left Bakura open to conquest by the Galactic Empire. Though there was a short period of resistance, the Bakurans were subjugated until 4 ABY, when they joined with forces from the Alliance to Restore the Republic to expel both the invading Ssi-Ruuk and the Imperial forces during the First Battle of Bakura. The Bakurans became supporters of the fledgling New Republic, but reasserted their independence by 18 ABY. Even then, they supported the New Republic during the Corellian Crisis, sending the Bakuran Defense Fleet to fight on the New Republic's side during the Battle of Centerpoint Station. Though they also fought a renewed Ssi-Ruuk offensive alongside the Galactic Alliance during the Second Battle of Bakura, the Bakurans continued their tradition of independence.
Due to the isolation of their homeworld, Bakurans had little contact with non-Humans other than the Kurtzen, Bakura's indigenous people. This, combined with the invasion of the Ssi-Ruuk, brought out an unfortunate xenophobic streak in many Bakurans, especially towards the most alien-looking non-Humans. Bakurans were also uneasy around droids, as a result of a droid uprising in 97 BBY.
Most Bakurans followed the teachings of the Cosmic Balance, a religion that held that every action in the universe had an equal and opposite reaction elsewhere (for example, if one person's life improved, another's life would have to become worse.) This also led them to be suspicious of the Jedi order, whose power they believed created an imbalance in the universe which required great evil to correct it.
Also situated within the New Republic territory, and far from Imperial influences, the Djemsok Federation is a quiet and peaceful place. They keep away from galactic politics and live their normal lives in peace. But not everything is idyllic for them: their worlds lack many important resources and many speculate that they will eventually petition for admittance in the New Republic. They do field a standing army and navy, in order to patrol their borders.
Sventorii Autonomous Region
The Sventor are the worst situated of all neutral states. Stuck squarely in the middle of the New Republic and the Imperial border, they are constantly implicated in political turmoil as each side accuses them of cooperating with the enemy. The Sventor are having difficulties keeping their freedom as they are often harassed by Imperial troops raiding their natural resources. Lacking the capacity to defend themselves against the mighty Empire, they must let them pillage their worlds. The New Republic, lacking the resources to protect the Sventor against the enemy, can only watch. The non-intervention of the New Republic is quickly creating a strain in the Sventor – Republic relations and might eventually drive the Sventor to let the Empire conquer them.
Due to constant Imperial piracy of their commercial structure, research and production have come to a halt. Their navy is equipped mostly with surplus ships from the Clone Wars and cannot efficiently face-up with the Imperial fighting craft.
Also sharing their border with both the Empire and the New Republic, the Shindaarni are in a better position than the Sventor, because they have high technology and can easily defend their frontiers. The Shindaarni are a very old race, older than the Humans, populating 80% of the galaxy, are. Some scholars even propose that they are the lost Precursor colony that managed to survive the Extinction and reemerged at about the same time the Humans did.
Both superpowers leave them strictly alone, fearing intervention in the continuing conflict. The Shindaarni are protectionists and have very strict control of their borders, rarely granting access of their space to anyone.
The average Shindaarni Defense Force (SDF) personnel are usually very well equipped. All are linked and operated through implants in the brain.
The Neutral Zone
(19 – 34 ABY)
After the last major engagement that gutted both the New Republic Armed Forces and the Imperial Navy, diplomats met at Bakura and hammered a treaty that is mostly responsible for today’s state of affairs. One of the provisions of the treaty was the establishment of a neutral zone separating two realms and a “non-aggression pact” for at least 15 years. The Neutral Zone varies in width from 2 parsecs to 4 parsecs and separates the two superpowers so that they do not touch directly in any places. The Neutral Zone only separates the New Republic and the Galactic Empire and thus not extend within the boundaries of other sovereign states, allowing free passage from one realm to the other through a 3rd party.